Refer for emergency assessment
Not applicable as a diagnosis of long COVID is based on multiple persistent symptoms.
Criteria for referral to public hospital specialist clinic services
Multiple, persistent symptoms that have lasted for more than two months that have developed after, or been exacerbated by a COVID-19 infection (at least 3 months ago) that cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis (that is a diagnosis of probable or confirmed long COVID) that are:
- impacting on daily activities including impact on work, study, school or carer role, or
- worsening or unresponsive to medical management and therefore further advice on, or a review of, the current management plan is required.
Information to be included in the referral
Information that must be provided
- Reason for referral and expectation, or outcome, anticipated by the patient, or their carer, and the referring clinician from referral to the health service
- Onset, nature and duration of symptoms linked to COVID-19 infection with details on pre-morbid function
- Date of COVID-19 infection(s), provide month and year
- Full blood examination, liver function tests, urea and electrolytes
- Comprehensive past medical history, particularly any history of infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever) or chronic fatigue syndrome
- Current and complete medication history (including non-prescription medicines, herbs and supplements)
- Investigations, imaging and medical or allied health assessments relevant to any of the following symptoms of concern (only provide if the patient has any of these symptoms of concern):
- Chest pain provide details of any previous cardiology assessments or opinions
- Shortness of breath or respiratory symptoms, provide any relevant x-ray, imaging or investigation results, D-dimer test results and any previous respiratory assessments or opinions
- Cognitive issues provide thyroid stimulating hormone levels and vitamin B12 and folate test results, pre-infection psychological status and cognitive function and current level of cognitive function
- Fatigue provide iron studies or serum ferritin thyroid stimulating hormone levels and vitamin B12 and folate test results
- Functional impairment provide pre-infection level mobility or activities of daily living, or both, and current level of function or degree of impairment
Provide if available
- Results from most recent COVID-19 Yorkshire rehabilitation screening tool, or similar symptom burden questionnaire
- Pre-exercise screening (e.g. 6-minute walk test, incremental shuttle walk test)
- Any other underlying pathology that has been assessed and is being managed
- If the person identifies as an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
- If the person is part of a vulnerable population:
- people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
- older Australians
- carers of people with chronic conditions
- people experiencing socio-economic disadvantage
- people living in remote, or rural and regional locations
- people with a disability
- people with mental illness
- people who are, or have been, incarcerated.
Vulnerable patient groups also include terminally ill patients, patients with experiences of family violence, in out-of-home care, foster care and those in state care.
The Summary and referral information lists the information that should be included in a referral request.
The term long COVID is used for patients that have a history of probable, or confirmed COVID infection, who have new symptoms three months after the onset of the infection, with symptoms that have lasted for at least two months with no other explanation.
A different service should be considered for patients who do not meet these referral criteria. Patients with single symptoms should be referred to most appropriate service for that symptom. For example patients with a single symptom of fatigue should be referred to a rehabilitation service.
There are other statewide referral criteria that include reference to post-COVID-19 symptoms:
- Abnormal liver function tests
- Atrial fibrillation
- Chest pain
- Chronic refractory diarrhoea
- Inflammatory arthritis
- Motor weakness or paraesthesia
- Movement disorders and dystonia
- New persistent or chronic pain related to COVID-19 infection
- Stroke or transient ischaemic attack
- Vertigo (neurology)
Public hospitals can provide services that see both public and private or compensable patients through the same clinic, in the same physical location. The referral should note if the patient is eligible for compensable services (e.g. through WorkSafe).
Where appropriate and available the referral may be directed to an alternative specialist clinic or service.
Referral to a public hospital is not appropriate for
- Patients not able to actively participate in an assessment process or where the patient, or their carer, do not consent to being referred to a public hospital service
- Patients who do not have a probable or confirmed diagnosis of long COVID
- Referrals related to occupational physician support or return to work plans will usually not be accepted
- Patients who want to receive services as a compensable patient should not be referred to a health service that only provides publicly funded services.